What is the full form of PCOS?
The full form of PCOS is Polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. This problem affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. PCOS is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include obesity, lack of exercise and a family history of someone with the disease. Women with PCOS produce higher than normal amounts of male hormones. This hormonal imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and make pregnancy difficult. PCOS also causes hair growth on the face, body, and baldness. And it can contribute to long-term health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. Most women discover they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s when they have trouble getting pregnant and seeing a doctor. But PCOS can occur at any age after puberty.
The main treatments for PCOS include lifestyle changes and medications. When PCOS is associated with overweight or obesity, successful weight loss is the most effective method to restore normal ovulation/menstruation. Medications for PCOS include oral contraceptives and metformin. Oral contraceptives increase the production of sex hormone-binding globulin, which increases free testosterone fixation. This reduces the symptoms of hirsutism caused by high testosterone and regulates the return to normal menstrual periods.
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